How do you catch ureaplasmosis?
Ureaplasmosis, or mycoplasmosis is a disease, sexually transmitted and caused by group of bacteria called Mycoplasma. His second name — anaplasmosis, which became even more popular than the main, the disease got the ability of some mycoplasmas to the splitting of urea, that is to realize.
As already mentioned, anaplasmosis is transmitted sexually. We often hear
the questions “is it possible to be infected with anaplasmosis in the pool, in the sauna, on the beach etc.” The answer to these questions is simple – Yes, you can get infected anywhere, but the disease agent can get from one person to another only through sexual intercourse. Typically, mycoplasmas are transmitted with the classic sexual intercourse without using a condom and oral sex, but also known cases of infection and during anal sex.
There is only one non sexual transmission of Mycoplasma, the child can get infected from their mother during birth when passing through the birth canal.
How to manifest the disease?
The incubation period for Mycoplasma is on average from 4 days to a month. All this time the disease did not let you know about myself, but people at this period becomes a carrier of the infection and is able to infect other people. After the incubation period of the infection a patient develops symptoms of urethritis is burning, and pain in the urethra when urinating and there mucus, often in the morning. If the infection occurred during oral sex, is developing a sore throat with all her usual symptoms. In most cases, especially in women, ureaplasmosis flows oligosymptomatic, and all manifestations of the disease are expressed is so low that often the sick person never gives them value. Especially for the representatives of the stronger sex is typical to say something like “a real man will not worry over nothing”, finding in this thought excuse not to go to the doctor. But weakly manifested symptoms of the disease does not reflect its seriousness.
If the infected person starts to be treated, after several days, the symptoms of urethritis are themselves, which is even more reason to calm down. But, unfortunately, anaplasmosis does not end there. By that time, the infection usually is deposited securely in the wall of the urethra, prostate gland men and the vagina and uterus in women. From this point the disease will only be waiting in the wings, i.e. the reduction of local immunity to manifest themselves in full force. The reason for this may be one situation, which is abundant life is not easy for any person – hypothermia, significant physical exertion, prolonged stress, any catarrhal or inflammatory disease, etc. After that, the man most often develops prostatitis – prostate inflammation with persistent trend of the spread of the inflammatory process in the seminal vesicles and testes. So long untreated ureaplasmosis in men often leads to secondary infertility. Women develop colpitis (inflammation of the vagina), endometritis (inflammation of the uterine wall), somewhat less frequently cystitis (bladder infection) and pyelonephritis (inflammation of the kidney tissue). At this stage, the disease is treatable much harder, because Mycoplasma is already firmly settled in the body.
Often there are cases when because of the low pathogenicity of pathogens from one sharony and because of the good condition of the body’s immune system with other mycoplasmas long time (up to several years) do not manifest themselves. This situation is called the carrier state of infection, and it represents a significant risk. People may not realize that his body crouched Ureaplasma, and that it is able to infect his beloved and his beloved. This way there arise many situations in which people write like this: “we are veterans, each other do not change and suddenly I was diagnosed with Ureaplasma. “Life shows that many men are significantly more willing to explain such a infidelity spouse, rather than the consequence of too freestyle bachelor life. Furthermore, not even giving themselves known, Ureaplasma creates a suitable background for the development of other diseases, and people carrier Ureaplasma significantly more susceptible to other infections, especially sexually transmitted.
Ureaplasmosis and pregnancy
“I have a pregnancy of 12 weeks, I did tests and found ureaplasmas” – the doctors venereologists, we hear similar stories almost every day. Just want a little to reassure women – this situation is quite serious and is difficult, but modern medicine has a quite effective means to help you. If you immediately contact a competent specialist venereologist and follow all of his recommendations with you and your child will be all right.
If untreated ureaplasmosis in a pregnant woman often becomes a cause of spontaneous abortion in the early stages. As already mentioned, the placenta protects the baby from infection throughout pregnancy, but in 50% of cases, the baby becomes infected during delivery, passing through the infected birth canal of the mother. The woman in this case, the disease becomes much more severe and common form.
But if treatment is done correctly, by the time of birth of the young mother may forget the name of the nasty illness that she had to move. Therefore, in such cases a woman should dismiss the suggestions of the doctor of female consultation to terminate the pregnancy and to go to the gynecologist or the venereal diseases, specializing in the treatment of anaplasmosis. But in any case do not forget to tell about their situation.
How to know you are infected or not?
Diagnosis of anaplasmosis does not pose too much difficulty for modern medicine. As methods of Express-diagnostics can be used polymerase-chain reaction. Material for diagnosis are primarily the selection or the scrapings from the urethra, the prostate gland in men, a swab from the vagina in women.
However, more important for the average person is the question “when should you see a doctor for diagnosis”. Answer: you must apply immediately after a suspicious intercourse, or as soon as you find the symptoms of the disease. If you do, remember that nothing is perfect in this world, and all research results, especially negative, are given only with a certain probability. Therefore, for the final assurance that you are healthy, it is necessary to make a diagnosis at least 2 times, preferably by different methods and in different laboratories.
How to treat this disease?
Turning to the doctor less all, pay attention to what is written on the label of his Cabinet. Neither specialty nor degree, nor even the amount of the fee the doctor can’t guarantee that he is fluent in the skills of diagnosis and treatment of anaplasmosis. Much more you can trust the recommendations of friends or at worst neighbors in turn.
But most of all you should trust your eyes and ears. Before to make unreservedly all that will prescribe you doctor, ask him to tell you a little bit about the disease, its spread, its basic principles of diagnosis and treatment. If in response you will hear a long boring lecture, petrascu confusing terms and complex phrases, or simple hint that “you have a lot, and I have one”, it is better to try to contact someone else. If the doctor will be able to quickly, concisely and clearly to state approximately all of what we have already said, consider that you have got to address.
So, treatment ureaplasmosis should begin only after completion of all diagnostic measures. The main component of this treatment is antibiotic therapy.
On the other hand, any antibiotic therapy can be only two outcomes-or a drug that would kill all pathogens, and the disease will stop, or some pathogens will survive, get stronger and gain resistance to that antibiotic. To cure disease after one incorrectly conducted antibacterial therapy becomes several times harder, after several — extremely hard. With the same care should be prescribed and dosage of medication, and its usage pattern.
Other therapeutic measures depending on the location and characteristics of the disease can become immune correcting therapy, prostate massage, physiotherapy, etc. depending on the characteristics of the disease the course of treatment may take from two weeks to several months, but usually all the treatment fits in 2-3 weeks.
Not less important aspect of treatment of the disease is the definition of cure of the patient. Two weeks after the end of antibiotic therapy, and women prior to the next menstrual period is the first control analysis. If the result is negative in a month (in women before the next menstruation) is another control analysis. If the result is negative, another month is done test with provocation. A negative result of this test shows that in the difficult struggle of man with Ureaplasma victory fell to the man. Upon detection of Ureaplasma at least one of these analysis is required to repeat the course of treatment.